Gross morphological characteristics of cosmetic caudectomy and caudal vertebrae removing together with making bone defect in left ulna and caudal vertebrae for bone replacement; A: Indicates the caudal vertebrae processes reforming by ronguer forceps. B: Represents that a longitudinal canal made in a fixed vertebra by a 3 mm pin drill and a bone forceps. C: Shows that a defect as long as the caudal vertebrae created in ulna bone by gigli wire. D: The created defect in ulna bone is observable. E: The caudal vertebrae replacement in the ulnar bone defect.
Hobbenaghi et al. Diagnostic Pathology 2014 9:59 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-9-59