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Open Access Case Report

Bilateral ovarian metastatic squamous cell carcinoma arising from the uterine cervix and eluding the Mullerian mucosa

Sunil Jaiman1, Kameswari Surampudi2, Sirisha Rao Gundabattula2* and Deepasha Garg1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Anatomic & Perinatal Pathology and Cytology, Fernandez Hospital, Unit 3, Plot 769, Road No. 44, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad 500033, India

2 Department of Gynaecology, Fernandez Hospital, Unit 1, 4-1-1230, Bogulkunta, Hyderabad 500001, India

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Diagnostic Pathology 2014, 9:109  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-9-109

Published: 4 June 2014

Abstract

Bilateral ovarian metastasis from invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix is a rare phenomenon with very few clinically significant cases described in the literature. Ovarian metastases when present are usually seen in association with bulky, advanced cervical squamous cell carcinomas with extensive involvement of the uterus.

We describe a 48 year old woman with clinically normal cervix whose hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy performed for abnormal uterine bleeding, demonstrated high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma involving the deeper stroma of the uterus and bilateral ovarian metastases. Gross examination of the cervical canal and the uterine cavity did not show tumor while well circumscribed pearly white metastatic deposits were distinguished within the parenchyma of both the ovaries. Microscopy ascertained high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion with malignant cells invading the deeper cervical stroma and disseminating further as lymphovascular tumor emboli within the myometrium of the corpus uteri without involving the endometrium. Both the fallopian tubes exhibited lymphovascular tumor emboli without epithelial involvement while the parenchyma of both the ovaries showed metastatic deposits.

Although an isolated case of endophytic squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix with extensive lymphovascular invasion of the corpus uteri, both the fallopian tubes and bilateral ovarian deposits without involving either the endometrium or the tubal mucosa does not form a paradigm, this case brings to light the capricious behavior of cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

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Keywords:
Cervical cancer; Endophytic tumor; Bilateral ovarian metastasis; Ovarian squamous cell carcinoma