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Open Access Research

Correlation of hK6 expression with tumor recurrence and prognosis in advanced gastric cancer

Xunqi Liu12, Hailin Xiong3, Jun Li3, Ying He3 and Xia Yuan3*

Author affiliations

1 Sun Yat-sen university, Guangzhou City, Guangdong province, China

2 Department of Oncology, HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital, Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, China

3 Department of Oncology, HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, 516001, China

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8:62  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-62

Published: 15 April 2013

Abstract

Background

Human kallikrein gene 6 (KLK6) is a member of the human kallikrein gene family (Kallikreins, KLKs). Human kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (hK6) is a trypsin-like serine protease encoded by the KLK6, has been reported to be highly expressed in several cancers including gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the the correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological characteristics, tumor recurrence and prognosis in advanced gastric carcinoma after curative resection.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 129 cases advanced gastric cancer after curative gastrectomy. The expression of hK6 in advanced gastric cancer tissues compared to adjacent noncancerous tissues were examined, and the relationship between hK6 expression and clinicopathological characteristics was evaluated. In additional, these patients were followed up to investigate the relationship between hK6 expression and the survival time.

Results

The positive rate of hK6 expression was significantly higher in advanced gastric cancer tissue, than that in adjacent noncancerous and gastric ulcer tissues (36.5%, 33.3%, respectively, P < 0.001). There was a close relationship between hK6 expression and TNM stage (P = 0.005), vascular invasion (P = 0.037) and perineural invasion (P = 0.035). Furthermore, patients with hK6 positive showed significantly higher recurrence and poorer prognosis than those with hK6 negative. Multivariate analysis showed that hK6 expression was a significant independent factor for tumor recurrence and overall survival.

Conclusion

hK6 is overexpressed in advanced gastric cancer tissues. Its clinical utility may be used as an unfavorable indicator in predicting tumor recurrence and prognosis for advanced gastric cancer after operation. This study also suggests that hK6 might be a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

Virtual slides

The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/8558403578787206 webcite

Keywords:
Stomach neoplasms; Human kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (hK6); Recurrence; Tumor markers