Table 4

Associations between disease background and relapse in patients with stage I seminoma
Variables Category No. Relapse Univariate analyses
n (%) P value HR 95%CI
Age <40 70 1 (2.5%) 0.11 0.17 0.02-1.50
≥40 48 4 (8.3%) 1
Size ≤5 cm 45 2 (4.4%) 0.77 1.33 0.19-9.47
>5 cm 59 2 (3.4%) 1
βhCG Normal 29 2 (6.9%) 0.53 1.78 0.30-10.6
Elevated 75 3 (4.0%) 1
LDH Normal 48 1 (2.1%) 0.29 0.31 0.03-2.75
Elevated 50 4 (8.0%) 1
pT pT1 32 2 (6.3%) 0.93 1.09 0.18-6.51
pT2-4 51 2 (3.9%) 1
Lymphovascular invasion No 37 3 (8.1%) 0.41 2.11 0.35-12.6
Yes 51 2 (3.9%) 1
Tunica albuginea involvement No 79 3 (3.8%) 0.07 0.19 0.03-1.13
Yes 10 2 (20.0%) 1
Spermatic cord invasion No 90 5 (5.6%) - - -
Yes 3 0 (0%)
Radiotherapy No 61 4 (6.6%) 0.23 3.83 0.43-34.3
Yes 56 1 (1.8%) 1

Kobayashi et al.

Kobayashi et al. Diagnostic Pathology 2013 8:57   doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-57

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