Table 3

Outcomes of patients with stage I seminoma
Radiation (n = 56) Surveillance (n = 61) P value
Follow–up months <0.01
  mean ± SD (range) 174 ± 54 (16–339) 67 ± 50 (5–257)
Era n (%) <0.001
  1980s 12 (80.0%) 3 (20.0%)
  1990s 42 (91.3%) 4 (8.7%)
  2000s 2 (3.5%) 54 (94.7%)
Relapse 0.19
  n (%) 1 (1.7%) 4 (6.6%)
  Site chest wall 1 lymph-node 4
liver 1
  Time to relapse 16 months 5–7 (mean 7)
Treatment after relapse 0.99
  Chemotherapy 1 (100%) 4 (100%)
  Radiation 0 (0%) 1 (25%)
Prognosis
  Cause-specific death 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0.99
  Death of other causes 4 (7.1%) 1 (1.6%) 0.13

One patient receiving adjuvant chemotherapy was excluded.

Kobayashi et al.

Kobayashi et al. Diagnostic Pathology 2013 8:57   doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-57

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