A gallbladder tumor revealing metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma: report of case and review of literature
1 Department of Pathology, Ibn Sina Univesity Hospital, Rabat, Morocco
2 Nakhil Radiology Center, Rabat, Morocco
Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8:4 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-4Published: 10 January 2013
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the gallbladder is extremely rare, with reported frequencies of less than 0.6% in large autopsy reviews. Only 40 cases were reported in the literature. We report a first case of gallbladder polypoid tumor revealing metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, which demonstrates the importance of radiological tests, histology and immunohistochemistry when making a definitive diagnosis. These examinations also allow differentiating metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma from other polypoid lesions in the gallbladder with clear cell morphology. Cholecystectomy should be performed to obtain a definitive diagnosis and to improve survival in case of solitary metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
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