Infarcted fibroadenoma of the breast: report of two new cases with review of the literature
1 Department of Pathology, Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo, Bolnička 25, Sarajevo, BA-71000, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 Department of Radiology, Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8:38 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-38Published: 27 February 2013
Fibroadenomas are the most common benign breast tumors in young women. Infarction is rarely observed in fibroadenomas and when present, it is usually associated with pregnancy or lactation. Infarction can exceptionally occur as a complication of previous fine-needle aspiration biopsy or during lactation and pregnancy.
Materials and methods
Retrospective review of 650 cases of fibroadenomas diagnosed at our institution during the 8-years period identified two cases of fibroadenomas with infarction (rate ~0.3%).
Two partially infarcted fibroadenomas were diagnosed on core biopsy and frozen section in an adolescent girl (13 years old) and in a young woman (25 years old), respectively. No preceding fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed in these cases, nor were the patients pregnant or lactating at the time of the diagnosis.
Spontaneous infarction within fibroadenoma is a rare phenomenon in younger patients. The presence of necrosis on core biopsy or frozen section should be cautiously interpreted and is not a sign of malignancy.
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