Mixed neuronal-glial tumor in the temporal lobe of an infant: a case report
1 Department of Neurosurgery, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
2 Department of Pathology, Gifu University Hospital, Gifu, Japan
3 Department of Pathology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan
4 Department of Diagnostic Pathology, School of Medicine Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan
5 Department of Pediatrics, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
6 Chubu Medical Center for Prolonged Traumatic Brain Dysfunction, Department of Neurosurgery, Kizawa Memorial Hospital, Minokamo, Japan
Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8:164 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-164Published: 2 October 2013
Tumors that arise in the temporal lobes of infants and spread to the neural system are limited to several diagnoses. Herein, we present an infantile case of a temporal tumor showing neuronal and glial differentiation.
The patient was a 9-month-old boy with low body weight due to intrauterine growth retardation. At 9 months after birth, he presented partial seizures. Computed tomography scanning revealed a mass (35 * 40 mm) in the left temporal lobe. Isointensity was noted on magnetic resonance T1-weighted images and fluid attenuation inversion recovery images. The tumor was heterogeneously enhanced with gadolinium. Positron emission tomography showed high methionine uptake in the tumor. During surgery, the tumor, which was elastic and soft and bled easily, was gross totally resected. A moderately clear boundary was noted between the tumor and normal brain parenchyma. Histologically, the tumor mainly comprised a ganglioglioma-like portion and short spindle cells at different densities. The former was immunohistochemically positive for some kinds of neuronal markers including synaptophysin. The spindle cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, but desmoplasia was not observed.
The tumor contained both neuronal and glial elements; the former were the main constituents of the tumor and included several ganglion-like cells. Because neuronal elements gradually transited to glial cells, a mixed neuronal-glial tumor was diagnosed.
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