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Open Access Highly Accessed Case Report

Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma with an early phase of high-grade transformation: case report with an immunohistochemical analysis

Kimihide Kusafuka*, Tomoko Miki and Takashi Nakajima

Author Affiliations

Pathology Division, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi-cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka, 411-8777, Japan

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Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8:113  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-113

Published: 2 July 2013

Abstract

Background

The early phase of salivary gland carcinomas with high-grade transformation (HGT) is extremely rare. We reported one case of adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) with early HGT, herein.

Case presentation

The patient was a 27-year-old Japanese woman who suffered from swelling of the left parotid region. Most of this tumor consisted of typical AdCC histology, whereas the central area of this tumor was composed of solid growth component by atypical cells with clear cytoplasm and marked nuclear atypia. Immunohistochemically, this area was strongly and diffusely positive for epithelial membrane antigen, p53, p16, Her-2, cyclin A and cyclin B1. The Ki-67 labeling index of this area was high, entirely different from that of AdCC area.

Conclusion

Overall, this area was an early phase of AdCC-HGT. This case is the second case of early AdCC-HGT. We discuss the development of salivary gland carcinoma with HGT.

Virtual Slides

http://www.diagnosticpatology.diagnomx.eu/vx/1598278104895730 webcite

Keywords:
High-grade Transformation; Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma; Salivary Gland; Early Phase; Immunohistochemstry