Distribution of the investigative markers in four cases. Immunohistochemical images from four different cases. 1. Female patient, age 70, with T3N0M0 tumour in transverse colon; beta-catenin grade 1 (0-1-0), MSI, p53 negative, p21 = 2/1, p27 negative, cyclin D1 = 2/2. 2: Female patient, age 77, with T4N1M1 tumour in descendent colon; beta-catenin grade 3 (0-1-2), MSS, p53 negative, p21 negative, p27 2/2, cyclin D1 1/1. 3. Male patient, age 75, with T4NXM tumour in proximal colon; beta-catenin grade 5 (1-2-2), MSS, p53 positive, p21 negative, p27 4/3, cyclin D1 3/2. 4. Male patient, age 68, with T2N2M0 rectal cancer; beta-catenin grade 3 (1-1-1), MSS; p53 positive, p21 negative, p27 3/3, cyclin D1 negative. A: staining of beta-catenin (membrane-cytoplasm-nucleus) and mismatch repair proteins MLH1, PMS2, MSH2 and MSH6. B: staining of p53, p21 (fraction/intensity), p27 (fraction/intensity) and cyclin D1 (fraction/intensity).
Wangefjord et al. Diagnostic Pathology 2013 8:10 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-8-10