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The clinicopathologic association of c-MET overexpression in Iranian gastric carcinomas; an immunohistochemical study of tissue microarrays

Kambiz Sotoudeh1, Forough Hashemi124*, Zahra Madjd12, Alireza Sadeghipour12, Saadat Molanaei3 and Elham Kalantary2

Author affiliations

1 Department of pathology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Oncopathology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of pathology, Milad Hospital, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of pathology and Oncopathology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Hemmat highway, Tehran, 1449614531, Iran

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2012, 7:57  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-7-57

Published: 28 May 2012

Abstract

Background

c-MET is an oncogene protein that plays important role in gastric carcinogenesis and has been introduced as a prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of c-MET overexpression and its relationship with clinicopathological variables in gastric cancer of Iranian population using tissue microarray.

Methods

In a cross sectional study, representative paraffin blocks of 130 patients with gastric carcinoma treated by curative gastrectomy during a 2 years period of 2008–2009 in two university hospitals in Tehran-Iran were collected in tissue microarray and c-MET expression was studied by immunohistochemical staining.

Results

Finally 124 cases were evaluated, constituted of 99 male and 25 female with the average age of 61.5 years. In 71% (88/124) of tumors, c-MET high expression was found. c-MET high expression was more associated with intestinal than diffuse tumor type (P = 0.04), deeper tumor invasion, pT3 and pT4 versus pT1 and pT2 (P = 0.014), neural invasion (P = 0.002) and advanced TNM staging, stage 3 and 4 versus stage 1 and2 (P = 0.044). The c-MET high expression was not associated with age, sex, tumor location, differentiation grade and distant metastasis, but relative associations with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.065) and vascular invasion (P = 0.078) were observed.

Conclusions

c-MET oncogene protein was frequently overexpressed in Iranian gastric carcinomas and it was related to clinicopathological characteristics such as tumor type, depth of invasion, neural invasion and TNM staging. It can also support the idea that c-MET is a potential marker for target therapy in Iranian gastric cancer.

Virtual slides

The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/9744598757151429 webcite

Keywords:
Gastric carcinoma; c-MET; Tissue microarray