Adult gaucher disease in southern Tunisia: report of three cases
1 Molecular Investigation of Genetic Orphan Diseases, Pasteur Institute, Tunis - Tunisia
2 Child Neurological diseases Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Tunis- Tunisia
3 Hematology Department, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax- Tunisia
Diagnostic Pathology 2012, 7:4 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-7-4Published: 10 January 2012
Gaucher disease (GD) is the most frequent lysosomal storage disorder; type 1 is by far the most common form. It is characterized by variability in age of onset, clinical signs and progression. It is usually diagnosed in the first or second decade of life with the appearance of bone pains, splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia, but the disease may be diagnosed at any age between 1 and 73 years. In the present study, we report 3 cases with late onset of GD in whom the disease was a surprise finding including one patient with Parkinson disease. This late onset is described as an adult form of Gaucher disease.
Molecular investigation showed mutational homogeneity in Tunisian adult patients suffering from GD. Indeed, all patients carry the p.N370S mutation: two patients at a homozygous state and one patient at compound heterozygous state.
The p.N370S mutation presents a large variability in the onset of the disease and its clinical manifestation supporting the view that GD should be considered as a continuum phenotype rather than a predefined classification.
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