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Open Access Hypothesis

To be at the right place at the right time

Klaus Kayser1*, Stephan Borkenfeld2, Torsten Goldmann3 and Gian Kayser4

Author affiliations

1 Institute of Pathology, Charite, Chariteplatz 1, D-10118 Berlin, Germany

2 International Academy of Telepathology, Heidelberg, Germany

3 Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany

4 Institute for Pathology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2011, 6:68  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-68

Published: 22 July 2011

Abstract

Aim

To analyze the hypothesis of events or neighborhood interactions that is based upon recognizable structures of systems which possess a surface in a four dimensional space - time constellation {x, y, z, t}. To include the theory of hierarchic order of structures and aspects of thermodynamically open systems, especially entropy, structural entropy and entropy flow.

Hypothesis

Any structure is a space - time constellation that occupies a unique space in its environment. The environment can be a system too, and is assumed to be (nearly) constant. Structures can interact in their environment and create a new structure at a higher order level. Interacting structures that create a surface are called a system. Starting from the bottom, such a system is characterized by its inner structures, its surface function, and its neighborhood. Interaction with a neighboring system is called an event. An event can alter a system, create new systems or induce the decay of a system, dependent upon the surrounding lower level system (background).

Results

The hypothesis results in a uniform theory about matter, life, diseases, or behavior. Concrete applications permit the estimation of duration of life in man, for example the effect of solid cancer in man, or appearance of protozoans in sexual or asexual reduplication. In addition, it can successfully describe the development of the universe (small exceed of matter above antimatter at the big bang), or the increase of structures (and systems) with increasing time (development of intelligent systems). The three dimensional space possesses the lowest number of mandatory dimensions to implement such a system.

Keywords:
Neighborhood interaction; order of structures; event; surface; entropy