Table 2

Specimen type and diagnostic modalities to exclude other urological origin in patients with pure squamous cell carcinoma involving the prostate

Reference

Number of patients

Specimen type

Procedures to exclude other urological origin


Parwani [1]

8

Prostate biopsy/TURP/prostatectomy/cystprostatectomy

• Normal cystoscopy for 7 patients

• Cystprostatectomy for 1 patient, with no gross or microscopic evidence of bladder tumor


Kanthan [10]

6

Prostate biopsy/TURP

None


Nabi [2]

2

Prostate biopsy/TURP

Normal cystoscopy in both patients


Mohan [3]

1

TURP

Normal urethroscopy, and cystoscopy


John TT [14]

1

TURP

None


Rahmanou [4]

1

Prostate biopsy

Normal cystoscopy


Okada [5]

1

Prostate biopsy

Transurethral biopsy with no evidence of vesicle or urethral malignancy


Sarma [6]

1

Cystprostatectomy

Cystprostatectomy with no gross or microscopic evidence of bladder tumor


Arva and Das Diagnostic Pathology 2011 6:46   doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-46

Open Data