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Open Access Research

Ultrasonography of simple intratesticular cysts: a 13 year experience in a single centre

Talal Al-Jabri1*, Saumya Misra2, Zeshaan N Maan3, Khalid Khan4, Charles Coker2 and Phil Thompson4

Author affiliations

1 Department of Surgery, East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, AL7 4JQ, UK

2 Department of Urology, Princess Royal Hospital, Lewes Road, Haywards Heath, RH16 4EX, UK

3 Department of Surgery, Colchester Hospital, Colchester, Essex, CO4 5JL, UK

4 Department of Radiology, Princess Royal Hospital, Lewes Road, Haywards Heath, RH16 4EX, UK

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2011, 6:24  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-24

Published: 24 March 2011

Abstract

Objectives

Simple intratesticular cysts are being reported more commonly due to the wider use of scrotal ultrasonography however, their management remains unclear. Treatment has included enucleation, radical orchidectomy (over fear of an associated malignancy) and a more conservative approach with serial ultrasonography (if a neoplastic cyst is clearly ruled out). In view of the benign nature of such cysts, even serial ultrasonography may be unnecessary. We evaluate the presentation, diagnosis and management of ultrasound-detected simple intratesticular cysts over a 13-year period.

Methods

Between May 1994 and August 2007, 24 men were found to have simple intratesticular cysts on scrotal ultrasonography. Records were analysed retrospectively to identify the clinicoradiologic findings and the management.

Results

Median follow up was 29.5 months (range 4 - 108 months). Only one patient became symptomatic with a cyst which increased in size by 13 mm over 15 months. Orchidectomy performed at the patient's request confirmed a benign simple cyst.

Conclusions

In our series, a significant change in size of the cyst with accompanying symptoms was observed in one case only. Asymptomatic patients with simple intratesticular cysts without associated features of bias towards malignancy can be discharged without need for further follow-up.