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Open Access Highly Accessed Case Report

Sporadic meningioangiomatosis-associated atypical meningioma mimicking parenchymal invasion of brain: a case report and review of the literature

Yan-yang Chen1, Xiao-ying Tiang2, Zhi Li1*, Bo-ning Luo3 and Quan Huang4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. 58 Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China

2 School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University. 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China

3 Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. 58 Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China

4 Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. 58 Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510080, China

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Diagnostic Pathology 2010, 5:39  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-5-39

Published: 18 June 2010

Abstract

Meningioangiomatosis is a rare hamartomatous lesion or meningiovascular malformation in brain. In extremely rare condition, meningioma may occur together with meningioangiomatosis, and only 19 cases have been described in English literature until now. We now report a case of meningioangiomatosis-associated meningioma with atypical and clear cell variant. A 34-year-old man presented a 3-month history of progressive numbness and weakness of his left lower extremity. He had no stigmata of neurofibromatosis type 2. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multifocal lesions in the right frontoparietal lobe. The lesions were totally removed. Microscopically, parts of lesions were atypical and clear cell meningioma corresponding to WHO grade II. The adjacent brain parenchyma showed the histological features of meningioangiomatosis. Neoplastic cells in atypical meningioma area were immunoreactive to epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) with high MIB-1 index of up to 20%. However, the spindle cells in meningioangiomatosis area were negative for EMA with low MIB-1 index of up to 1%. The diagnosis of atypical meningioma associated with sporadic meningioangiomatosis was made. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a meningioangiomatosis-associated meningioma with atypical and clear cell variant component to be described. The patient had been followed-up for 11 months without adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy. No tumor recurrence was found during this period. Meningioangiomatosis-associated meningioma is more likely to occur in younger patients and histologically to mimic parenchymal invasion of brain. We suggest that postoperative radiotherapy or chemotherapy should be given careful consideration to avoid over-treatment due to erroneously interpret as malignant meningioma.