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Open Access Research

Poor prognostic clinicopathologic features correlate with VEGF expression but not with PTEN expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx

Yurdanur Sullu1*, Seda Gun2, Sinan Atmaca3, Filiz Karagoz1 and Bedri Kandemir1

Author affiliations

1 Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Samsun, Turkey

2 Mehmet Aydin Education and Research Hospital, Department of Pathology, Samsun, Turkey

3 Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ear- Nose- and Throat Disease, Head and Neck Surgery, Samsun, Turkey

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2010, 5:35  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-5-35

Published: 14 June 2010

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted in chromosome ten (PTEN), angiogenesis and clinicopathological parameters of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.

Methods

We examined immunohistochemical expression of VEGF and PTEN and CD34 for microvessel density (MVD) in sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue blocks of 140 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. The intensity of VEGF and PTEN staining and the proportion of cells staining were scored.

Results

The tumor grade was not significantly related to PTEN expression, but it was to VEGF expression (p = 0.400; p = 0.015, respectively). While there was no significant relationship between PTEN expression and tumor size and cartilage invasion (p = 0.311, p = 0.128), there was a significant relationship between the severity of VEGF expression and tumor size (p = 0.006) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.048) but not cartilage invasion (p = 0.129). MVD was significantly higher in high-grade tumors (p = 0.003) but had no significant relationship between MVD, lymph node metastasis, and cartilage invasion (p = 0.815, p = 0.204). There was also no significant relationship between PTEN and VEGF expression (p = 0.161) and between PTEN and VEGF expression and the MVD (p = 0.120 and p = 0.175, respectively).

Conclusions

Increased VEGF expression may play an important role in the outcome of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. PTEN expression was not related to VEGF expression and clinicopathological features of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.