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This article is part of the supplement: New trends in digital pathology: Proceedings of the 9th European Congress on Telepathology and 3rd International Congress on Virtual Microscopy

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Issues for application of virtual microscopy to cytoscreening, perspectives based on questionnaire to Japanese cytotechnologists

Ichiro Mori1*, Osamu Nunobiki2, Takashi Ozaki1, Emiko Taniguchi1 and Kennichi Kakudo1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University. 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8509, Japan

2 Faculty of Health Sciences, Kobe Tokiwa University. 2-6-2 Ohtanichou, Nagataku, Kobe, 653-0838, Japan

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Diagnostic Pathology 2008, 3(Suppl 1):S15  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-3-S1-S15

Published: 15 July 2008


To clarify the issues associated with the applications of virtual microscopy to the daily cytology slide screening, we conducted a survey at a slide conference of cytology. The survey was conducted specifically to the Japanese cytology technologists who use microscopes on a routine basis. Virtual slides (VS) were prepared from cytology slides using NanoZoomer (Hamamatsu Photonics, Japan), which is capable of adjusting focus on any part of the slide. A total of ten layers were scanned from the same slides, with 2 micrometer intervals. To simulate the cytology slide screening, no marker points were created. The total data volume of six slides was approximately 25 Giga Bytes. The slides were stored on the Windows 2003 Server, and were made accessible on the web to the cytology technologists. Most cytotechnologists answered "Satisfied" or "Acceptable" to the VS resolution and drawing speed, and "Dissatisfied" to the operation speed. To the ten layered focus, an answer "insufficient" was slightly more frequent than the answer "sufficient", while no one answered "fewer is acceptable" or "no need for depth". As for the use of cytology slide screening, answers "usable, but requires effort" and "not usable" were about equal in number. In a Japanese cytology meeting, a unique VS system has been used in slide conferences with markings to the discussion point for years. Therefore, Japanese cytotechnologists are relatively well accustomed to the use of VS, and the survey results showed that they regarded VS more positively than we expected. Currently, VS has the acceptable resolution and drawing speed even on the web. Most cytotechnologists regard the focusing capability crucial for cytology slide screening, but the consequential enlargement of data size, longer scanning time, and slower drawing speed are the issues that are yet to be resolved.