Infiltrating myoepithelial carcinoma of the breast, a case report and cytologic-histologic correlation
1 Department of Pathology, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine and Truman Medical Centers, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
2 Department of Pathology, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA
Diagnostic Pathology 2008, 3:7 doi:10.1186/1746-1596-3-7Published: 8 February 2008
Infiltrating myoepithelial carcinoma remains a rarely encountered lesion of the breast. The few cases that have surfaced firmly document the histopathology of this tumor, but its cytologic characteristics seemingly have been described in only one other report.
Here we present the cytologic findings from a case of infiltrating myoepithelial carcinoma of the breast in a 52-year-old female and provide a histologic correlation with the subsequent biopsy and mastectomy specimens. While the cytology specimens displayed more myoepithelial cellular heterogeneity than was present on histology, a number of cytologic features including hypercellularity, pleomorphic spindle cells, and mitotic activity correlated well with the histopathology.
The role of fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mammary myoepithelial carcinoma, in this case, was to establish malignancy rather than to arrive at a specific diagnosis, as a number of different entities potentially can mimic this neoplasm on cytologic specimens.