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Open Access Short report

Expression of nm23 in the spectrum of pre-invasive, invasive and metastatic breast lesions

Amanjit Bal1*, Kusum Joshi1, Rajesh Logasundaram1, BD Radotra1 and Rajinder Singh2

Author affiliations

1 Department of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

2 Department of General Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

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Citation and License

Diagnostic Pathology 2008, 3:23  doi:10.1186/1746-1596-3-23

Published: 30 May 2008

Abstract

Background

Nm23 protein is a metastasis suppressor protein, expressed in all tissues. Reduced Nm23 expression is related to a high incidence of lymph node and distant metastasis and poor prognosis in patients with cancers. The present study was done to analyze the expression of Nm23 using immunohistochemistry in non-neoplastic and neoplastic breast lesions.

Methods

Sections from 93 samples were studied and classified into non-proliferative breast lesion (13), fibrodenoma (7), proliferative breast lesion (13), carcinoma in situ (20), invasive carcinoma (23) and metastatic deposits in lymph nodes (17).

Results

Nm23 expression in these groups showed a progressive down regulation with increasing neoplastic transformation. On comparing the various groups, nm23 expression was significantly different between the various subgroups with greatest expression in non-proliferative lesions and least in metastatic deposits (p < 0.050).

Conclusion

It is concluded that the modulation of nm23 in a spectrum of breast lesions can be indicative of metastatic phenotype and help to predict the aggressiveness of disease.